What message is the cartoonist attempting to convey in reference to revolution and reform?
1. revolution – a forcible overthrow of a government or social system in a favor of a new one that benefits marginalized or oppressed people.
2. reform – to make changes to an existing social, economic, or political system in order to improve it,
3. oppressed – subject to receiving harsh treatment, generally from an individual or group in power.
4. marginalized – to be treated as not important or not having any value.
5. tangible – something that has value and can be measured.
6. substantive – having a firm basis in reality; meaningful.
7. symbolic change – an example of symbolic change would be a Black person being elevated to a high position within a company but the company making no tangible changes in reference to policies that address anti-Black discrimination or anti-Black hiring practices.
8. incremental change – a small change made towards a targeted system or policy goal that has no real impact on the existing system or policy.
1. Which, reforms or revolution, yield tangible and substantive progress for oppressed and marginalized populations of people?
2. Circle One. (Revolution / Reforms) tend to benefit the rich people in power. Please explain why you circled what you did.
3. Circle One. (Revolution / Reforms) tend to benefit poor people without power. Please explain why you circled what you did.
4. Circle One. A candidate running to become the President of the United States would more than likely advocate for policies that focus on (revolution / reforms). Please explain why you circled what you did.
5. The United States has featured a multitude of reforms in dealing with issues that impact marginalized populations. Identify any substantive progress you can think of for Black people in the United States for the following categories: economics, education, politics, employment, healthcare, and criminal justice.
6. Circle One. Black leaders like Malcolm X and, later in his life, Martin Luther King Jr., advocated for (reforms/revolution) to improve life for Black people in the United States. Think in terms of some of the major components of their respective platforms: capitalism, imperialism, rights of workers, rights of the poor, separating the races, and the Vietnam War.